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Overpronation of the foot in runners

The way in which the feet function or works will have a considerable impact on the rest of the body. The feet are generally considered as the foundation of the body and just like the tall building comparison, if that foundation is not correct, then something can go wrong higher up. There are many different kinds of alignment problems that will affect that platform and how the feet interact with the surface. That connection will have different affects higher up the body.

One of the issues that can go wrong is something that is commonly called overpronation. This word can often be used and abused, so probably should not be used. The term refers to the feet moving inwards at the ankle joint as well as the arch of the foot flattening. This really is quite a normal movement and is only a problem if there to too much of it. Why the word is such a problem is that there is no consensus as to what is too much and what is actually normal. This leads to lots of uncertainty in research and in clinical practice, especially when choices have to be made if the overpronation ought to be taken care of or not.

The impact that this issue may have on the body are alleged to range from bunions and plantar fasciitis in the foot to lower leg and knee conditions in athletes. There are various methods to treat it, again with a lot of disagreement between medical experts as to the best way to approach it. Pragmatically the treatment of the overpronation really should be directed at the cause and there is no such thing as a one size fits all. When the problem is caused by tight calf muscles, then stretching of those tight muscles would be the logical approach. When the issue is the control of muscles at the hip, then the treatment should be aimed towards that. If the problem is caused by weak foot muscles, then that is the best place to begin the rehab with exercises. If the concern is due to a bony alignment issue in the foot, then foot supports are often prescribed.

How to get rid of chilblains?

Chilblains are painful skin lesions which generally appear on the toes in cooler climates. They aren't because of what is widely considered as poor blood circulation but are as a result of poor response of the circulation to variations in temperature in cooler parts of the world. Those who are healthy with beneficial blood circulation still can get chilblains and the source of them is not entirely clear. They start out to begin with as small reddish colored areas on the toes which can be itchy. The spots later take on a darkish bluish colour as waste materials build up within the skin. The simplest way to manage chilblains is usually to not get them by avoiding them. This is done by keeping the foot warm and not letting it become cold. In the event the foot should become cool, then it's very important that it's warmed up gradually over time. A too fast warming up by, as an example, putting the cold foot in front of a heat source is commonly regarded as what it is that creates a chilblain. Once a chilblain occurs, various lotions can be used to assist the circulation and also promote the removal of the waste products. It is vital that the chilblain is protected against the shoe pressure with bandages of some type.

There are many mysteries about chilblains that medical science has not yet uncovered. One of those is that you can find quite a significant group of people who used to have chilblains and then one winter they just ceased occurring and have not occurred since. If you probe and ask them everything that changed the year that the chilblains did not occur, you generally will discover nothing at all. There wasn't any change in their health status or eating habits or other things that may be determined. Clearly, if the reason for this might be found then that has the possibility to open up an important avenue for managing individuals with active chilblains.